Johann sebastian bach - helmuth rilling - les grandes cantates - volume 6

At age fifteen, Bach moved north to Lüneburg, where he sang in the St. Michael’s Matins Choir, studied organ with Georg Böhm, and made trips to Hamburg to observe the great North German organist Johann Adam Reincken. In this instance Gardiner points to the turf wars of the Lüneburg prefects over serenading rights, creating gang clashes fought by “embryonic Jets and Sharks.”

The brother had however not died "soon after". [8] [6] Having stayed with his brother for five years Johann Sebastian left Ohrdruf, joining the choir of St. Michael's Convent at Lüneburg . [9] Around the time Johann Sebastian left Lüneburg a few years later he composed a Cappricio for his eldest brother, BWV 993 . [10] In the years that followed Johann Christoph copied several compositions by his younger brother. [11]

Among the few works that can be ascribed to these early years with anything more than a show of plausibility are the Capriccio sopra la lontananza del suo fratello dilettissimo (1704; Capriccio on the Departure of His Most Beloved Brother , BWV 992), the chorale prelude on Wie schön leuchtet ( c. 1705; How Brightly Shines , BWV 739), and the fragmentary early version of the organ Prelude and Fugue in G Minor (before 1707, BWV 535a). (The “BWV” numbers provided are the standard catalog numbers of Bach’s works as established in the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis , prepared by the German musicologist Wolfgang Schmieder.)

In January 1703, shortly after graduating from St. Michael's and being turned down for the post of organist at Sangerhausen , [23] Bach was appointed court musician in the chapel of Duke Johann Ernst III in Weimar . [24] His role there is unclear, but it probably included menial, non-musical duties. During his seven-month tenure at Weimar, his reputation as a keyboardist spread so much that he was invited to inspect the new organ and give the inaugural recital, at the New Church (now Bach Church ) in Arnstadt , located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Weimar. [25] In August 1703, he became the organist at the New Church, with light duties, a relatively generous salary, and a fine new organ tuned in a temperament that allowed music written in a wider range of keys to be played.

This situation made the post as Cantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig very appealing when it fell vacant in 1722. Bach was not first or even second choice for the position – both Christoph Graupner and Georg Philipp Telemann were offered it but had to decline. Nearly a year after the appointment was originally advertised, Bach took up the position, pledging in his contract not to supply music which was 'too theatrical' or 'too operatic'. Bach new responsibilities including teaching various groups of scholars at the school, composing music for two churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, and providing the occasional piece of music for the local university. He also had to ask permission from the Council if he wished to absent himself from Leipzig for any reason. The situation must have been very bad at Cöthen for Bach to agree to these conditions.

Johann Sebastian Bach - Helmuth Rilling - Les Grandes Cantates - Volume 6Johann Sebastian Bach - Helmuth Rilling - Les Grandes Cantates - Volume 6Johann Sebastian Bach - Helmuth Rilling - Les Grandes Cantates - Volume 6Johann Sebastian Bach - Helmuth Rilling - Les Grandes Cantates - Volume 6